Maven is a build tool like Gradle
- download 3rd party packages
- give the project structure through a set of conventions
Maven projects have a
<source>11</source>means "project should be built in Java 11
<target>11</target>means "project should be built for Java 11
Allows you to specify plugins, which are extensions to Maven which help it build our artifact.
maven-jar-plugin, which is used to make a jar out of your compiled classes and resources
A dependency is just a Jar file which will be added to the classpath while executing the tasks.
A depdendency can include a
<scope> field, which specifies when a dependency should be installed
<scoope>test</scope>, meaning the dependency will only be installed during tests.